Kecak dance which is often called "The Monkey Dance" for the tourists is a dance drama in the form of relatively new but has become a very popular show / famous and has become a must watch show for both domestic and foreign tourists. Kecak dance scenes have been promoted in several poscard, tourist guide and others.
Kecak is the name is a name that is directly taken after the sound "cak, cak" which are pronounced continuously throughout the show. There are some who explains that the word or sound "cak" actually means a very important and significant in the show.
Kecak dance origins
Not known exactly where the Kecak dance originated and which was first developed, but there is a kind of agreement on the Balinese Kecak was first developed into art pertujukan in Bona, Ganyar, as additional knowledge kecak at first is a song or musical sound produced from the fusion that form a melody that is usually used to accompany the sacred dances Sahyang. And can only be performed in the temple. Kemudaian astist in the early 1930s from the village of Bona, Gianyar trying to develop a Kecak dance by taking the story of Ramayana Dance Sanghyang didramatarikan as a substitute so that it could eventually dipertontontan dance in public as a performance art. Part Ramayana story is taken first is that when Goddess Sita was abducted by King Ravana.
Development the Kecak Dance In Bali
Kecak Dance in Bali has continued to experience changes and developments since the 1970's. Progress can be seen is in terms of story and staging. In terms of story for staging not only based on the one part of the Ramayana but also other parts of the story from the Ramayana.
Then in terms of staging also began experiencing growth not only found in one place like the village of Bona, Gianyar but also other villages in Bali started to develop so that the Kecak dance in Bali there are dozens kecak group whose members are usually members of the banjo. Activities activities such as Kecak dance festivals are also often held in Bali either by governments or even by the art school in Bali. And the largest number of dancers who had performed the Kecak dance was recorded in 1979 which involved 500 people dancing. At that time kecak staged by taking the story from the Mahabharata. But the record is broken by the Government of Tabanan regency which organizes Colossal Kecak dancers to 5000 on 29 September 2006, at Tanah Lot, Tabanan, Bali.
Kecak Dance Pattern
As a Kecak dance performance is supported by several factors which are very important, more is more in the show presents the Kecak dance as an introduction to the story, of course the music is vital to accompany lenggak swing dancers. But in the Kecak Dance music generated from voice synthesis cak members amounting to about 50-70 people all of them will make music in akapela, a leader who will act as an early tone memberika a longer acting as a suppressor which will provide low pressure or a high tone act as penembang solo, and alone again will act as ki mastermind who brought the story line. Kecak dance dancer in the movement did not properly follow the standard norms of dance accompanied by gamelan. So in this Kecak dance dancer gestures more relaxed because the main priority is the way the story and voice synthesis.
The dancers in the circle is wearing a plaid cloth like a chessboard their waist. Besides the dancers, there are also other dancers who portray the characters of Ramayana as Rama, Shinta, Ravana, Hanuman, and Sugriwa.
Kecak dance songs taken from the ritual dances sanghyang. Also, do not use musical instruments. Only used kincringan worn on the feet of dancers who portray the characters of Ramayana.
Around the 1930's Wayan Limbak worked with German painter Walter Spies to create the Kecak dance based ontradition Sanghyang and parts of the story of Ramayana . Wayan Limbak popularizing this dance while traveling the world with his troupe of Balinese dancers.
Stories In Kecak Dance - Balinese danceThe most popular story in the Kecak dance is the story of Ramayana on the part where King Rama and his wife and his brother Admiral Shita Dewi was in the woods since exiled from their kingdom. The following scene in the dance scene kecak:Scene 1:Rama Sita and Admiral are in the forest suddenly appears a golden deer (the incarnation of king Ravana aide assigned to fish for Rama to leave Sita alone) approached them and then move away as if to invite them to play to see the cute deer that Sita asked Rama to the king to arrest him. Before leaving Sita Rama, Rama asked his brother Admiral guard Sita and Rama to leave Sita and admirals to pursue the golden deer that ran away ... ... .... Not every few laps and then came the sound of pain that sounds like Rama and asked for help ... .... Hearing that Sita was worried and then asked Admiral to follow Rama, the Admiral did not believe that that voice is the voice of Rama Rama because he knew could not be harmed by the scores of deer. But Sita would not understand him even angry at the Admiral and Admiral accused intentionally allowed Rama to die so he could marry Sita later. Due to continued urged by Sita Lakshmana finally go after Rama. Before leaving Sita alone Admiral create lingakaran and asked Sita to stay within the circle. After the Admiral left then appeared alone pastor who is actually a manifestation Ravana. The priest was asking for water to Sita. Feeling sorry for Sita provide water to the priest with his hand stretched out circle. Immediately the old priest turned into Ravana. Then take Sita away.Scene 2Narrated Sita has been in the kingdom of Lanka was accompanied by Trijata - nephew of Rahawana assigned to guard Sita. Sita looked sad cry over the fate that befall sanbil keep hoping Rama came to the rescue. Then came the White Apes - Hanuman. At first thought Sita Hanuman is also an incarnation of Ravana, but after the Hanuman explained that he was the emissary of King Rama, and handed the ring as proof. Then Sita gives interest to Hanuman for submission to King Rama. Before leaving the kingdom of Lanka Hanuman set fire to the park and few places in the kingdom of Lanka as a message to Ravana that Rama would come to rescue Sita.Scene 3The battle begins, with a servant named Rama and the army keranya Tualen arrived in Lanka to attack and destroy the kingdom of Ravana. In the early battles Ravana's son and servant named Megananda Delem beat Binding Rama with her magic so that Rama and his men could not move and become limp. Then Rama prayed to the gods to save him untu k, then a bird garuda munculah help Rama Megananda break away from the magic.Scene 4Then Rama and his army back then recover as usual King Rama ordered the monkey Sugria to fight Megananda, In this scene the dancers cak will form 2 groups, one group being a soldier Megananda, one other group in the army Sugriwa. In this battle defeated Sugriwa Megananda. Then the dancers smack back into one group.Scene 5Told that can be defeated Ravana and Rama have been reunited with his wife Sita. Their meeting was attended by Admiral, Sugriwa and Hanuman.At each end of the supporting performances are all dancers will gather on stage and invite visitors to make memories with pictures taken together.